Climate Summit Paris: remarkable step but not enough
More than 150 countries have applied on the eve of the climate conference in Paris in late November with plans and initiatives to stop the global warming.
But all these plans will not be enough to stay below the safe 2 degrees Celsius.
However, they slow down the warm-up, and they make sure that the 2-degree-target in the near future will be feasible without large investments.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) presented last Friday in Bonn this conclusion, reporting the curbing greenhouse gas emissions.
It is a sum of all 146 climate plans submitted until 1st October. Among the applicants are all industrialized countries and three-quarters of the developing countries. Together, they account for:
- nearly 90 percent of emissions
- reduce the average CO2 emissions per capita in the world by 2030 with 9 per cent (compared with 1990)
- limit the rise in emissions in 2030 to 56.7 gigatonnes of CO2 per year (compared to 49 gigatonnes in 2010). That’s four gigatons of CO2 less than under unchanged policies.
- an increase of 2.7 degrees in 2100 (with unchanged policies it would be four to five degrees)
Christiana Figueres, executive secretary of UNFCCC: “This is a very good step, it is even a remarkable step, but it is not enough,”
The results may even be better because many countries have calculated the impact of their plans very conservatively.
The Paris summit will be from November 30 to December 11 2015. It’s already a historic climate summit. Delegates from 196 countries have to reach an agreement on combating global warming after 2020. The last major climate summit, Copenhagen in 2009, failed because there should be a comprehensive agreement.
Paris is aimed at agreements on achievable steps. Figueres: “I see a growing political will by all governments.
Now governments must decide whether to translate these plans into a global agreement and how they are going to tighten it periodically.
In Copenhagen. 61 countries participated, In Paris, 147 countries will cut nearly 90 percent of all emissions. This brings us far from being on two degrees, but it’s a start. Now we must build momentum.
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