EU Emissions -/- 40% by 2030
Reconsider proposed 40% cut by 2030 if governments fail to agree on a binding deal, says Gunther Oettinger, EU’s energy chief.
In October 2015, EU leaders are expected to sign a package of targets for 2030 that will include:
- 40% cut in Europe’s emissions
- legally enforceable Europe-wide targets of a 27% market share of renewables
- 30% improvement in energy efficiency
The EU is responsible for around 10% of global emissions. Industry leaders have complained bitterly that emissions-cutting obligations will hurt their competitiveness if other regions do not follow suit.
“If there is no binding commitment from countries as India, Russia, Brazil, the US, China, Japan and South Korea, whose governments are responsible for some 70% of global emissions, I think it is not really smart to have a -40% target,” Gunther Oettinger said at an oil and gas conference in Brussels.
Data form the Global Carbon Project showed that Chinese carbon emissions per head of population had overtaken Europe’s for the first time. A record 36bn tonnes of carbon were emitted from all human sources in 2013, the project found.
Separately, Connie Hedegaard, the EU’s climate action commissioner, told that Barack Obama must follow-up his address to a UN climate summit on Tuesday by taking action within the next six months.
“After his speech … I think it will be very, very tough for the United States of America not to come up with something substantial for 2015,” she said.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-28, stood at 4 611 million tonnes of CO2-equivalents in 2013. The European Commission marked an overall reduction of 19.8 % when compared with 1990, or some 1 138 million tonnes of CO2-equivalents. Without international aviation, EU emissions were down 21.2 % below 1990 levels.
Across EU Member States in 2013, greenhouse gas emissions were the highest in:
- Germany (21.17 % of the EU-28 total or 976.3 million tonnes of CO2-equivalents in 2013)
- The United Kingdom (13.10 %)
- France (10.98 %) were the only other EU Member States to record double-digit shares
In 2013, the biggest decreases compared to 1990 were reported for several central and eastern EU Member States:
- Lithuania (– 58.2 %)
- Latvia (– 57.2 %)
- Romania (– 56.2 %)
- Bulgaria (– 48.8 %)
- Estonia (– 45.6 %)
- Slovakia (– 42.1 %)
- Hungary (– 38.8 %)
- the Czech Republic (– 34.0 %)
The combined share in the EU total of these countries was 9.78 %, i.e. their substantial relative reductions contributed little to the overall EU emissions. On the other side of the spectrum, the biggest increases compared to 1990 were reported for:
- Cyprus (+ 43.8 %)
- Malta (+ 41.3 %)
- Spain (+ 13.1 %)
- Portugal (+ 9.7 %)
- Ireland (+ 4.9 %)
- Austria (+ 2.5 %)
These six EU Member States together accounted for 12.9 % of the total EU greenhouse gas emissions in 2013.
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