EU Roadmap Energy Storage 2030
This Roadmap and recommendations aim to describe the future European needs for energy storage in the period towards 2020-2030. It also gives recommendations on which development will be required to meet the needs.
The storage applications in focus are mainly those directly related to an electricity system with significantly increased share of renewable generation, whereas needs for energy storage related to the future fueling of transportation are only marginally mentioned.
Roadmap supports political goals
The growing penetration of RES, in particular non-dispatchable generation such as wind and photovoltaic (PV), will increase the need for flexibility in the energy system. Energy storage is – in combination with other measures – well suited to respond to this challenge and ensure a continued security of energy supply at any time.
Energy storage will provide essential services along the whole energy value chain and will thereby support in numerous aspects the transition towards a secure, competitive and decarbonized energy system in Europe
- Balancing Demand & Supply
the increasing variability at the generation side requires technologies and procedures for balancing energy demand and supply. By allowing a timely and geographical displacement between consumption and generation sites, energy storage promotes the integration of RES generation.
- Managing Transmission & Distribution grids
studies confirm that even with perfect build out of transmission capacities storage will have to become an essential element of future electricity to stabilize the grid. Moreover, some storage technologies could be realized much faster than grid upgrades.
Storage enables grids to be sized closer to average energy flows, instead of to peak power requirements, thereby also reducing transmission losses. Storage can contribute to the stability and reliability of grids as it supports especially local grid management functions that increase the grid’s hosting capacity of variable renewable generation.
- Promoting demand side management
storage technologies will play a key role in the transition process of the electricity system to a more efficient and sustainable energy usage. This will include the development within the transportation sector to a growing deployment of electric mobility with (Hybrid) Electric Vehicles (HEV, EV), the emergence of intelligent buildings and smart grids in general.
Energy storage contributes to manage local electricity and heat generation and consumption (self- consumption, smart building), including the integration with other forms of energy use like heating/cooling in an optimal way for the whole power system.
- Contributing to competitive and secure electricity supply
energy storage will play an important role in new market designs, especially flexibility markets and system services as it can provide an economically attractive alternative to grid expansion and load shedding. Specific storage regulation and market mechanisms for flexibility and security of supply will help to create energy storage markets and will contribute to the development of a competitive energy storage industry.
Ultimately it is important to note that some ES, due to its cross-sector nature, will also affect well-established markets such as the gas market (e.g. power-to-gas), local heat markets (e.g. heat storage), and the transportation market (e.g. electric mobility, fuel cells). The cross-sector ability goes even beyond mere storage and recovery of electricity, and leads to a reduction of carbon emissions in other energy consuming sectors.
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