Flood resilience project Alexandria

Flooding Alexandria

Damage of water flood in Alexandria after heavy rainfall

A new approach, the Anticipatory Flood Management (AFMA), will be used to make the Egyptian coastal city of Alexandria better prepared for severe flooding. 

Dutch-based educational institute IHE Delft will lead a project.

The project will serve as an example for many other cities in the Arab region to make the switch from responding to anticipating to a disastrous flood.


On October 25 and November 4 of 2015, Alexandria City and the neighboring region of Egypt experienced an unexpected severe rainfall event causing severe flooding.

This devastating flood has been described as ‘the worst flooding of Alexandria City over the past decades in terms of the number of people affected and the amount of economic damage’.

It is anticipated that these exceptional rainfall events will happen more often in this region in the future.


The Anticipatory Flood Management (AFMA) uses weather forecasts and water system simulation models to take operational water management actions before an event occurs. Important for a reliable use of the models is a verification analysis with continuous simulation spanning multiple years. Archives of weather forecasts of multiple years are necessary, because of the low frequency of critical events.


AFMA will include a range of solutions.

Soft Flood emergency measures

  • flood forecasting and warning
  • evacuation and recovery plans

hard measures and land use planning controls

  • flood mitigation works
  • including capacity increase of drainage systems
  • zoning requirements

Flood protection such as minimum flood levels and flood-proofing building controls are also part of the project.

Over 500 water ambassadors will be trained in the scope of the project, and a Flood Management Unit will be established to ensure long term flood resilience.

Public-private partnership
AFMA is a public-private partnership that aims to connect engineers, planners, architects, designers and other experts to community members, companies and local government to propose new solutions that will strengthen the city’s resilience to severe rain storms.

  • The partners are IHE Delft (lead), Alexandria University, Montaser (General Contracting Company), Group of Integrated Design, Alexandria Business Association.
  • Associated partners are HKV, Regional water authority Delfland, City of Rotterdam.


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