G20 Summit: India and Saudi Arabia rejected world climate ambitions
The final declaration of the G20 summit in Antalya (Turkey) seems to be not an great start for the next climate summit in Paris. Especially India and Saudi Arabia will not cooperate. To limit the rise in global temperature to below two degrees Celsius, all countries must reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Even after twenty hours of negotiations, both countries refused to agree a passage which included periodic monitoring of the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
The Indian prime minister Narendra Modi said: “the G20 should not intervene in the negotiations that begin in two weeks on the climate.”
The European Union and other countries want to agree on a greenhouse gas emissions measurement every five years, to make sure that all countries are on the right track. If not, additional requirements should be imposed. India and Saudi Arabia have been refusing it all. At one point, India didn’t wanted to endorse the very general passage: ‘Combating climate change is a shared objective for which collective action is needed.’
Two degrees warmer
After long negotiations, the G20 fixed on the goal: “At the end of this century the average temperature will not have increased by more than 2 degrees Celsius, when compared with pre-industrial era.” It took German prime minister Angela Merkel a night to persuade the two countries to aim to the final declaration.
India doesn’t agree that the emerging and developing countries should meet the same requirements as the rich western countries. At 3 o’clock in the night, India agreed with the phrase: “We reaffirm the goal of less than 2 degrees Celsius.”
An old promise that Western nations would make $ 100 billion available for poor countries to achieve their objectives, did not stand in the final declaration.
The G20 have committed itself to additional 2 percent global economic growth in 2018 (last year agreed at the summit in Brisbane).
It was recognized that economies are faltering and that there are large differences between countries. But that’s no reason to give up on that goal.
Financial Action Task Force
The G20 agreed to start a Financial Action Task Force. This Task Force should avoid IS getting financial support from outside. In addition, the Task Force should address the black market in oil. This black market is now the major source of income of IS.
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