India is trending, boosting EV, batteries, PV …
India is changing fast. Since a few years, the country invests huge amounts of money in solar PV projects to supply metro, train and urban areas with green electric energy (goal: 100GW of solar power by 2022).
The latest news is that India intents to boost the development of lithium ion batteries and Tata announced its plans launching an electric version of the Nano car for exclusive use as a fleet car.
India is moving completely towards electric vehicles (EVs) by 2030. This is part of the Narendra Modi government’s vision to helm a renewable-energy revolution in the country. It reckons that the automobile sector’s massive conversion will cut its oil bill by some $60 billion, reduce emissions by 37%, and curb the burgeoning demand for road infrastructure over the next 13 years.
India’s road transport minister Nitin Gadkari quite bluntly made the government’s intentions clear.
“We should move towards alternative fuel…I am going to do this, whether you like it or not,” Gadkari told India’s automobile lobby group, SIAM, on Sept. 07. “And I am not going to ask you. I will bulldoze it.”
Tata Steel – producer of the ‘classic’ will launch the electric Nano as the Jayem Neo. The Nano EV is likely to have a 48V electric system and a range of 200 kilometers per charge (4 persons including airconditioning). This is significantly more than the 130-kilometer range required in India’s first EV tender, but that was for a sedan. Tata Motors is required to deliver 350 electric sedans to the Indian government by the 30th of November, 2017.
Uber’s competitor Ola Cabs will reportedly purchase 400 of these Nano EV and deploy them in the Indian capital city of Delhi by the end of 2017. Tata Motors, as well as another Indian company, Jayem Automotives, will manufacture the model. The hatchback will be available only as a fleet car, and Uber’s competitor Ola Cabs will procure these cars for use as taxis.
The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan, launched in 2015 to achieve fuel security, wants sales of electric and hybrid cars to hit six to seven million by 2020, CNN reported.
Big battery opportunity
At least two global technology leaders could set up Gigafactories to manufacture lithium-ion cells in India in the next couple of years, according to the head of the India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA). This focus is being driven by opportunities in both stationary and electric vehicle (EV) applications in India, particularly with the government goal of making all vehicles electric by 2030.
- French battery maker Saft also entered India back in 2013 to make advanced rechargeable nickel batteries.
- Japan’s Panasonic is setting up a battery assembly facility with India seen as one of the firm’s key growth markets.
- Other giants like China’s BYD are also considering entering India.
- Similarly Chinese lithium-ion battery maker Zhuhai Yinlong New Energy has plans for an EV manufacturing plant in Punjab.
Indian news outlet Economic Times has reported that Indian Oil Corporation, the country’s largest fuel company, is planning on launching its own lead-acid battery product and developing new lithium-ion storage technology. The firm is also partnering Oil India to set up a 1GW solar energy plant in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Rahul Walawalkar: “The current government is very much focused on storage and they understand that this is a new window of opportunity for India which we should not miss. They are trying to figure out what they can do to make India a manufacturing hub for these technologies not just for domestic production but also for exporting. Even small companies are seeing this as the next big opportunity and putting together a few million dollars to set up some of these assembly facilities.
To India’s advantage is the fact that globally over 70% of the storage market is driven by automobiles, and India already has a strong base of manufacturing within the automotive sector in general, exporting products to 30 different countries, as well as having a huge domestic demand for vehicles.
India’s lead-acid battery industry already supplies markets in Africa and Southeast Asia also. Energy-Storage.News has recently outlined some of the major lead-acid-related movements from the likes of Ecoult and Exide Industries.
Delta is building a new facility in Krishnagiri, very close to its original factory at Hosur. The new plant will commence operations from the end of 2018 producing PV string inverters, central inverters, battery modules and a range of other offerings. The proposed 50MW production of battery modules per annum could be scaled up to 100MW in two shifts. It will also consider upscaling to 500MW in the long-term depending on demand.
The firm will be importing cells from its in-house factory in Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Delta energy storage lead Hiren Shah expects India to have the following capacities of stationary energy storage deployed by 2022.
- Residential – 10.4GW
- Off-grid – 1.3GW
- Utility-scale – 3.6GW
64% energy savings with EV
India wants to become an all-EV nation by 2030 as solar energy and battery costs crash. The government, seized of the fact that 1.3 billion Indians using private transportation will have disastrous consequences on the economy and environment, wants to pivot towards clean energy and public transportation. A study by NITI Aayog, India’s policy think-tank, and Rocky Mountain Institute estimated a 64% savings in energy if the country shifted to a scenario of public and shared transport powered by electricity.
Some three million cars, over 700,000 trucks and buses, and a little more than half a million three-wheelers are sold currently every year in India.
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