Green African Deserts

Kenya is expected to grow by 5% this year, with a boosted power supply expected to attract an increased pool of investors into the East African country

Kenya is expected to grow by 5% this year, with a boosted power supply expected to attract an increased pool of investors into the East African country

One of the most green countries of Africa is Morocco. The country has few hydrocarbon reserves but it makes up for it in wind and sun. The new wind farm installation in Tarfaya spans 10,000 hectares. When fully operational in October this year, the 131 turbines will generate up to 300 megawatts of power.

The wind farm is one component in a big push by the North African kingdom to produce 42% of its domestic power from renewable sources by 2020.

World’s largest solar plant

Morocco is also developing what is claimed to be the world’s largest concentrated solar plant that will ultimately produce 500 megawatts of electricity in Ouarzazate, near the Sahara desert.  Phase 1 will be completed this year. After finishing the whole project, the plant produces the energy for 1.5 million residents.

Algeria

The Krechba gas field production site, in the Algerian desert has captured and stored millions of tons of carbon dioxide. This project started in 2004. Approximately 1 million tonnes per annum of CO2 were removed from the methane gas at the central gas processing facility, transported and injected at a 2km depth underground.

Although they have stopped injecting since last year while the injection strategy of the project is being reviewed, In Salah has provided valuable lessons for CCS projects around the world. The project has uploaded over 20 technical reports onto the Decarboni.se platform and good introduction to the project is this report.

If just 0.3% of the Saharan Desert was used for a concentrating solar plant, it would produce enough power to provide all of Europe with clean renewable energy

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