Shell collaborates to produce water in Quatar desert
Water is essential in Qatar’s desert. That’s why Shell set an agreement to get the desert green.
Shell’s Pearl GTL plant produces more water than gas-to-liquids products.
The plant is the world largest for the recovering, treating and reusing of industrial water.
As part of a memorandum of understanding signed last year between Texas A&M University at Qatar (TAMUQ) and Qatar Shell Research & Technology Centre (QSRTC), both partners have committed to strengthening their long-standing partnership by embarking upon beneficial research on water solutions.
Several steps are required to achieve current research goals, including a comprehensive feasibility study that will focus on brine and salt quality, the development of salt purification methods and an assessment of a pilot scale plant.
This research partnership aligns with the environmental and economic development pillars of QNV 2030 and addresses one of QNRF’s Grand Challenges — water security.
Zero liquid discharge 45,000m3/day
Due to the size of the operation and the water scarcity in the region, Qatar Petroleum and Shell opted for a sustainable water management solution, e.g. zero liquid discharge, with the water produced in the transition from gas to liquid being led to an effluent treatment plant, where it is treated and reused in the production process. The effluent treatment plant has a capacity to handle 45,000m3/day.
Veolia designed and completed the effluent treatment plant In particular, wastewater will be treated by ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis, with the objective of their complete reuse within the factory process.
Thus, no liquid effluent will be discharged into the natural environment. Reverse osmosis brine treatment will be carried out by evaporation and crystallization, a technology achieving zero liquid discharge where only salt crystals are produced.
TAMUQ is proud to partner with industry collaborators such as Qatar Shell and the QSRTC to help realize sustainable solutions to real-world issues for the benefit of the State of Qatar and its greatest natural resource, its people.
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