Smart Grid Battery: Compressed Air
Have you already heard of Compressed Air to store renewable energy?
Compressed air technology compresses air at high pressure and stores it (mostly underground).
There are few projects and they are huge.
Economies of scale affect prices positively because increasing the storage is often associated with low marginal costs.
Adiabatic storage (CAES AA) not only saves electricity but also heat. This would lead up to 70% efficiency (BINE Information Service). The project is sponsored by the EU ‘Advanced Adiabiatic Compressed Air Energy Storage’ (cooperation of 20 companies and research institutes, called AA-CAES). The results are expected later in 2015.
At this moment at least ten CAES plants are planned in the USA
The first CAES plant was built in 1978 in Huntorf, Germany.
Using salt caves a 290MW / 580MWh plant could be built.
To produce 1 kWh of electricity, 0.8kWh electricity and 1.6kWh of gas is needed to heat the air in expulsion. As a result, the overall efficiency is 42%.
2. McIntosh, Alabama – USA
The 110MW / 2860MWh storage produces 110MW and can deliver its maximum power within 14 minutes after starting.
The store is part of the McIntosh Power Plant which also can generate 600MW of electricity with gas turbines.
Running at night the plant can supply additional during peak hours.
By using the waste heat from the gas turbines it only needs 1.17kWh gas and electricity 0.69kWh to generate 1 kWh of electricity. This gives an overall efficiency of 54%.
The initial investment costs are $ 65 million. That’s why the cost per kWh are virtually zero if you count the number of cycles.
3. Highview Power Storage
In the UK, Highview Power Storage and GE Partners started a project in which liquid air is produced.
This can be stored in standard insulated storage tanks at normal pressure, but it requires better and more complex compression technology making a 10MW system.
That’s why the costs are about $ 32 million. (Highview Power Storage, 2015).
Overview Compressed Air Companies and StartUps
LightSail is a StartUp providing a mobile compressed air storage with 750 kWh.
With an efficiency of 70%, LightSail is claiming this solution as the cheapest way to store four hours of electricity.
As they say: LightSail Energy is applying thermodynamics to solve the problems of today’s electrical grid.
The LightSail system captures and stores both the mechanical energy and the thermal energy used in compressing air. To do thiw, a water mist is infused into the compression chamber as the air is compressed. When the captured, pressurized air is released back through the system, the heated water is re-infused into it.
That heted air can return more of the energy stored by the system than can other CAES processes. With a 20% capacity factor are the costs of the second generation LightSail products $0,15/kWh.
AES Energy Storage
AES offers the complete alternative to peaking power plants. This market leader has the largest fleet of grid batteries in commercial service and received a notable award in November 2014 of a 20-year contract with Southern California Edison of 100 MW of interconnected battery energy storage. AES partners with industry-leading utilities and power system operators on energy storage projects. Over 44GWh of advanced battery manufacturing were online in 2012.
Enairys powertech LTD
Enairys powertech LTD offers the HYPES system which is developed to use water, air and eco-friendly materials to store, manage and convert, generated electrical energy. This green solution could be adapted to a wide range of stationary applications. Ingenious and eco-friendly!
Hydrostor Incl. Compressed Air Storage System
A Toronto company, Hydrostor Inc., this week launched a new energy source to feed Toronto Hydro‘s power grid. The one megawatt system is a pilot project and is really quite simple. Taking surplus electricity generated during off peak hours to compress air, the system then pumps it into pipes extending offshore in Lake Ontario for 1.9 miles to a depth of 200 feet. The compressed air gets stored in tethered balloons that are held in check by the weight of the water above. Thus completes the charging phase of the operation.
Overview latest energy storage systems
- Smart Grid Battery: Molten Salt Battery
- Smart Grid Battery: Lithium-ion Battery
- Smart Grid Battery: Redox Flow Battery
- Smart Grid ‘Battery’: what about Compressed Air?
- Smart Grid Energy storage: Flywheels
- Smart Grid Energy storage: UltraCapacitors
- New: factory sea salt batteries in the Netherlands
- Floating train at 2000 km/h set to store 10% of Dutch electricity
- World’s first ‘Solar Battery’ runs on light and air
- NEW: clean ‘battery’ Hydrogen Storage Solution
- NEW: Organic Battery for almost every Renewable Energy Power Facility
- Aluminum battery loads in 1 Minute (Stanford)
- Green Battery Using Hydro-pneumatics
- Expected: sustainable battery from sea salt
- New water tank can retain > 90 percent of the energy
- Geothermal energy from old, closed coal mines
Have you seen this?
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