Visualization of the proposed SPARC tokamak experiment. Using high-field magnets built with newly available high-temperature superconductors, this experiment would be the first controlled fusion plasma to produce net energy output. Visualization by Ken Filar, PSFC research affiliate
Within 15 years, MIT expects to produce energy from fusion. MIT and Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) collaborate in a new US initiative and decided to take a radically different approach to other efforts to transform fusion fram an exensive science experiment into a viable commercial energy source.
The team intend to use a new class of high-temperature superconductors they predict will allow them to create the world’s first fusion reactor that produces more energy than needs to be put in to get the fusion reaction going. Read More
Transport is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG) and thus the biggest contributor to climate change. Light battery electric vehicles are widely seen as the fastest and most cost effective route towards decarbonisation.
For heavy duty vehicle it seems to be less easy.
Transport & Environment Germany has been working on a roadmap how Europe could achieve zero GHG road freight and buses by 2050. Let’s have a look at the German recommendations: Read More
In summary, we successfully resolved the “cathodic challenge” of aqueous electrolytes by designing a unique inhomogeneous electrolyte additive approach to minimize competitive water reduction on graphite or Li-metal surfaces during the interphase formation.
Upon reductive decomposition during the first charging process, the highly fluorinated additive forms a protective interphase that enables the reversible cycling of both graphite and Li-metal anodes in aqueous electrolytes.
The new wall of liquid metal appeared to remain cooler and is capable of repairing itself constantly
A layer of liquid metal may be the anwer to the temperature problem of nuclear fusion. An important obstacle which had to be solved is that the reactor wall is resistant to extremely high temperatures released during power generation.
In Nature Communications, Dutch scientists published a breakthrough for this problem. They discovered that the wall of a reactor can be protected with a thin layer of liquid metal. Read More
Tiny holes called nanopores, is specially designed to let high volumes of water through but keep salt and other contaminates out
MoS2 Nanopores, developed by the University of Illinois, seems to be an energy-efficient technique for removing salt from seawater. The material, a nanometer-thick sheet of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) riddled with tiny holes called nanopores, is specially designed to let high volumes of water through but keep salt and other contaminates out, a process called desalination. Read More
According to climate researchers, more rain than snow will fall in the Arctic. Moreover, oceans are getting hotter, and they’re also losing oxygen
According to climate researchers in the Netherlands, at the end of this century more rain than snow will fall in the Arctic. It was already known that, due to global warming, up to 60% more precipitation would fall in the Arctic.
The researchers now argue that it mainly involves rain, while scientists always presuppose the precipitation would be snow. Read More
An aerial survey, a C130 Hercules aircraft was fitted with state-of-art sensors from Teledyne Optech, whose Coastal Zone Mapping and Imaging Lidar (CZMIL) can detect objects at oceanic depths of tens of meters
The Pacific Garbage Patch survey concluded: ‘It’s Worse Than We Thought’.
Boyan Slat, the 22-year-old Dutch inventor and CEO behind The Ocean Cleanup, announced today preliminary results of the organization’s latest major research mission, the Aerial Expedition, the first-ever aerial survey of an ocean garbage patch, also called ‘the plastic soup‘. Read More
Important additional returns for society can be that less investment is required in offshore power grid to the extent that existing gas grid can be used to get offshore wind energy onshore.
An interesting study of the Energy Delta Institute remained unnoticed for two months: it could be financially attractive to produce hydrogen at unemployed oil platforms in the North Sea with wind energy that is extracted at sea nearby.
In a report launched November 2015, EDI presented the findings of a study on a simulated wind-and-gas-energy-conversion pilot project in the North Sea. Read More
Even if global warming is capped at 2C, 20% of the world’s population will have to migrate away from coasts swamped by rising oceans.
Even if global warming is capped at governments’ target of 2C, 20% of the world’s population will be to migrate to higher area’s because of rising sea levels.
Countries like the Netherlands and Bangladesh and cities including New York, London, Rio de Janeiro, Cairo, Calcutta, Jakarta and Shanghai would all be submerged because of melting polar ice caps and sea-level rise. Read More
Smart urban design requires an integrated look at the city as a complex of material flows and living environment, which exposes the connections between sources, functions, infrastructure and users.
This Research Report ‘Smart Cities’ has been published by the University Delft. The researchers consider Smart Cities as a way of working on a future-proof city, cleverly making use of people, resources and systems.
In this Delft Smart City research project, students examined the possible impact of recent developments under the heading ‘Smart City’ for Delft.