Water Scarcity major Challenge
Growing water scarcity is now one of the leading challenges for sustainable development. This challenge will become more pressing as the world’s population continues to swell, their living standards increase, diets change and the effects of climate change intensify.
Because of a lack of water, large numbers of refugees and migrants have fled the region for neighboring countries and Europe.
Consequently, NATO: “the need to do more to achieve lasting calm and an end to violence”, as “Peace and stability in African and Middle East regions are essential for the world”.
Water Scarcity and Global Warming
Water scarcity is expected to intensify as a result of climate change. It is predicted to bring about increased temperatures across the world in the range of 1.6°c to as much as 6°c by 2050. This challenge will become more pressing as the world’s population continues to swell, their living standards increase, diets change and the effects of climate change intensify.
For each 1 degree of global warming, 7 percent of the global population will see a decrease of 20 percent or more in renewable water resources.
More frequent and severe droughts are having an impact on agricultural production, while rising temperatures translate into increased crop water demand. In addition to improvements in water-use efficiency and agricultural productivity, we must take action to harvest and reuse our freshwater resources and increase the safe use of wastewater. Doing so will not prevent a drought from occurring, but it can help in preventing droughts from resulting in famine and socioeconomic disruption.
FAO and other NGO’s are working with countries to ensure water use in agriculture is made more efficient, productive, equitable and environmentally friendly. This involves producing more food while using less water, building resilience of farming communities to cope with floods and droughts, and applying clean water technologies that protect the environment.
The issue of water scarcity is at the very core of sustainable development. We need to act now to preserve this precious resource so it can be available for future generations.
- Hydro dam in Ethiopia will bring hunger and conflicts
- Future urban water security
- WaterSeer produces water from air
- Virgin Islands tackle water shortage with desalination technology with solar power
- Breakthrough wastewater purification
- Large Hydro Dams in tropical areas accelerate climate change
- Ecological footprint: Since 1970 we lost 50% of our wild animals
- Bujagali hydropower plant in Uganda
- Green African Deserts
- Nigeria is planning for additional 2,5mw of renewable energy by 2015
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“Water is a precious resource, crucial to realizing the Sustainable Development Goals” — Ban Ki-moon